If my child has ADHD can they apply for Social Security Disability in Ohio?
ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) is a disorder that is most commonly marked by hyperactivity, impulsiveness, and/or inattentiveness. Many people that raise children with ADHD often apply for benefits via the SSI (Supplemental Security Income) program to help finance the costs of care and living for the diagnosed child. Unfortunately, it is not common for children with ADHD to be granted disability benefits. Benefits are usually granted in extreme cases that meet all of the Social Security Administration’s criteria.
The Social Security Administration has implemented an impairment listing for ADHD, and if the severity of the disorder coincides with it, benefits are likely to be granted. You can refer to the listing 112.11 for further information, but the basics will be covered here.
The Criteria for Listing 112.11
To begin with, a child must exhibit three different traits after being diagnosed with ADHD, and these are: hyperactivity, impulsive behavior, and severe inattention. As a result of these traits, the child must live under “limiting conditions” set on by ADHD.
To be considered for disability benefits, the child (ranging from age 3-18) must be more challenged and affected than other children with ADHD in at least two items of the set-forth criteria. The criteria lists four items, and they are social functioning, personal functioning, cognitive and communicative functions, and concentration/persistence/pace.
Additionally, the parents or guardians of the child must be able to show proof, or medical documentation, that demonstrates the severity of the situation. A list of the approved types of documentation includes accounts from teachers or parents (reports and evaluations are fine), findings by a physician, doctor, or other healthcare provider, and results from IQ or standardized testing.
Children ranging in age from newborn to 3 years of age are generally not approved for benefits based on ADHD disorder. This is mostly because of the rapid development a child experiences at these ages; it is easily mis-labeled as behavior from ADHD.
There are income/assets limitation requirements set in place for children to be able to receive benefits for ADHD. Older children that are applying for ADHD disability benefits must not make more than $1,040/month, and if the child is too young to work, parents face a strict limit that they cannot exceed in order to receive benefits. Like most benefits offered via SSI, there are strict income limitations that ultimately deem a case worthy or not of benefits.